The Truth about Depression Essay

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The Truth about Depression

Depression: what is it? Is it really something you can control? How much does it really affect someone? Why do people suffer from depression? Several of these questions are brought to the attention of various professionals such as psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and physicians, but not enough people seek the truth. Depression is commonly viewed as a bad day; people either believe they have control, or they can just snap out of it. However, depression is more than a bad day. It could be caused by a chemical imbalance, genetics, family history, or trauma. All of these may cause symptoms; yet, there are successful treatments available such as medications and/or psychotherapy. A bad day-
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Most symptoms of depression are frequently overlooked. However, when one has the opportunity to learn about, or more seriously, when opportunity is forced on the person, the symptoms become much more obvious. The symptoms of depression range from mild to severe. Twelve commonly known warning signs are the most identified:
Depressed people lose interest in food, friends, sex, favorite activities, or any form of pleasure.
Lack of enthusiasm, energy, or motivation
Social withdraw or isolation
Sadness or hopelessness
Confusion or difficulty with decisions
Drop in school performance
Eating or sleeping problems
Low self-esteem or guilt
Drug and/or alcohol abuse
Problems with authority
Anxiety or phobias
Perfectionism and restlessness (APA, 327).
The DSM-IV states that if five or more of these symptoms exist in one's life for a span exceeding two weeks, this is considered an episode of depression. "When you are depressed, nothing works out the way you hope. Whatever you try to do seems to go wrong. After a few failures, you begin to think that nothing will ever work out. Soon you're asking yourself, 'Why bother trying? I know I am going to fail'"(Ayer, 10). There are many different causes of 'depression' that range from genetics to family history. A chemical imbalance in a person's brain or a trauma that could have occurred earlier in a person's life, or even

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