The Tumultuous Past of South Sudan

1773 WordsJan 26, 20187 Pages
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: South Sudan has had a tumultuous past, with two civil wars since before the region’s independence; these resulted in the serious neglect, lack of development – infrastructure – and major destruction of property and displacement of peoples. It seceded from Sudan on 30th January 2011. The new state was plagued by farther rebellions, tribal clashes and border conflict with the Sudan – this conflict was resolved through mediation supported by the African union. The current conflict broke out on 15th December, 2013. The purpose of this brief is to analyze the ongoing conflict in South Sudan and the position of Ethiopia in this conflict. We begin by examining the possible interest of Ethiopia and our capability or option to respond. South Sudan and Ethiopia have shared interest in the Nile and the geographic proximity of our states means that the conflict in South Sudan affects us directly. We will highlight the possible policy options that Ethiopia can impart in the current situation. It would not be in our best interests for the conflict to escalate beyond this. Finally we suggest possible steps that the state can take in reeling in the situation. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Long periods of violence throughout the history of the conflict in Sudan caused thousands of refugees from Sudan and South to flee across the border into Ethiopia. Ethiopia being one of the poorest countries in Africa and listed as a highly indebted poor country (HIPC), we do not have

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