The Types Of Stem Cells

1665 Words Dec 7th, 2015 7 Pages
Stem cells are a special type of cell that has the potential to differentiate into many different cell types. They work with in the body as an internal repair system. When they are not being used as a repair mechanism, the stem cells have the capability of long-term renewal. Because they are unspecialized cells, stem cells can be induced to become tissue or organ specific, thus giving them unique regenerative abilities that have the potential to treat diseases such as diabetes and Alzheimer’s. Diabetes mellitus is a disease that is characterized by high blood sugar levels due to inadequate production of insulin or inability of the cells of the body to respond appropriately to insulin. Diabetes is a long-term condition and it affects millions of people throughout the world. The two major types of diabetes known to affect humans worldwide are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is the condition where the body fails to produce insulin. Whereas Type 2 diabetes, is where the body produces inadequate amounts of insulin for normal function. The current treatment available for Type 1 diabetes is the injection of insulin, whereas following a special diet, engaging in various sports and exercises, losing weight for the obese patients, and monitoring blood sugar levels currently manage Type 2 diabetes. All the current treatments used to manage diabetes are only temporary, highlighting the need to do further research on long-term…

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