In the world created by Ayn Rand, where collectivism is favored by the leaders of society, self-government is denied. In her novel Anthem, the characters are forced to live in an imperceptible prison surrounded by wilderness. Being an individual, having self-confidence, and the freedom to choose are key pieces to a successful society, but some of these concepts are foreign to many. In numerous societies like this one, the citizens are under strict social rule and do not enjoy natural rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. While being independent is important, it is also crucial to be united and act as a group. If there were no common thought, there would be chaos. At the same time, common thought should not be forced upon
Thesis: Although they established America’s independence from England during the Revolutionary War, the Founding Fathers are in actuality another elite class who persuaded the other classes to support them during the war in order to keep control. Thus, like how England had tyranny over the Colonies, the Founding Fathers took over as tyrants to suit their needs.
In the United States of America, individuals have always taken it upon themselves to write the wrong that they witness in society. This can be portrayed in both Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, and Henry David Thoreau Civil Disobedience. Throughout history, as the times have changed so has individuals perception on government. Both authors existed at a different time in history, but they both convey a similar message that citizens should disobey government- but their idea of government is completely different.\
Tyranny is an awful thing in our government, without our constitution we would have a tyranny. Thankfully in 1787 many of our country’s leaders were dissatisfied of the way our government was structured by the Articles Of Confederation, which had been in effect for six years since 1781. The purpose of the constitution was to make a new federal government that would be more powerful whilst protecting the rights and liberties that had been won in the revolutionary war. They separated the powers to avoid tyranny, the powers were separated into four ways: Federalism, Separation of power, Checks & balances, and big states and small states.
Tyranny is manifested in many ways. In 1787, our founding fathers met in Philadelphia to discuss the problem. The articles of the Confederation did not work. Then, after a long debate, they decided to abandon the Confederation and adopt the Constitution. How will this sheet of paper protect against tyranny?
Tyranny can be found in several forms, which is why we need several defenses against it. In 1787, our new country held a Constitutional Convention. Delegates from most of the states came together to fix the Articles of Confederation, our first constitution. In the end, they decided to make a whole new constitution, a written government plan, that could hold our states together and protect us from tyranny. As we had just recently freed ourselves from a situation of tyranny by one with King George III, it wasn't a scenario that we wanted to repeat itself. The job was to frame, or structure, a brand new plan that could do this. The Constitution still continues to protect us because it was a strong document with a strong plan. The Constitution
When the founding fathers realized that the Articles of Confederation just were not working for their country, they gathered in Philadelphia in 1787 to write a new constitution. The Americans feared tyranny in the government like what they had seen under the rule of King George III. The Constitution was written with specific protections against tyranny as described by James Madison: tyranny is “the accumulation of all powers… in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many”. The Constitution guarded against tyranny by separating powers, allowing the branches to check the other branches, and giving states both equal representation and representation based on population.
In the year of 1787, delegates met in Philadelphia to write the Constitution. Tyranny, a type of government with an absolute ruler, was a fear. The 55 delegates created the Constitution to prevent tyranny. So part of the Constitution created three parts of government; executive, legislative, and judicial branches (Document B). To prevent tyranny, each branch counteracted against each other (Document C). We also have a different kind of government called federalism (Document A). Federalism is a compound government which means it has two parts, central and state government. Central is the country’s view on taxes, laws, etc. State is when the state creates the individual taxes, establish schools, hold elections, etc in the state itself. We also
Mark Twain, although quite the comedian, makes a valid point in “Corn-Pone Opinions”. The observation of humanity and its tendencies to follow what society promotes is a relevant occurrence today. Twain leads on “. . . that it’s born of the human being’s natural yearning to stand well with his fellows and have their inspiring approval and praise . . .” (720). Humans are not equipped to stand their own ground; they prefer to follow the leader. Twain puts it simply, “we are creatures of outside influences; as a rule we do not think, we only imitate” (719). Twain clearly makes his point noticeable to his audience, holding back no opinion throughout the
According to Mill, the ideal conditions for both a society and individual to flourish exist when the prevailing opinion in society favors individuals with non-normative, original ideas. Mill, somewhat gratuitously,
One of the most prominent human weaknesses that is revealed when conflict arises between the individual and the collective is fear. Arthur Miller explores human weakness caused by fear in his play The Crucible through false accusations and writes about this weakness in his article “Why I Wrote The Crucible: An Artist’s Answer to Politics.” Patrick Henry also addresses fear in individuals that arise from struggles with the collective in his speech “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death (1775).” Ultimately, these texts all address the fear of being different, which drives people to match their beliefs with the beliefs of the collective, because those who do not conform to the norms of the collective receive differential and unequal treatment, thus suggesting that people who have different beliefs or practices from the majority tend to be silenced since it is difficult for them to overcome the collective’s discrimination against them.
In many historical and present instances, expression of individual opinion and rights are often oppressed. Such an idea is present in Sophocles’s Antigone, excerpts from Henry Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” essay, and the article “PRO/CON: Is Snowden a hero or traitor” by Mark Weisbrot and James Carafano. Each piece of literature provides a perspective on the topic of oppression and its effect on the human society. The oppression of others’ rights, opinions, and freedom often negatively affects society and damages the mentality of its people.
He presumed that people had enough knowledge and discernment to make moral choices that they could live with. The individual and their personal reflection of right or wrong decided their moral standards. Mill also noted that people had a desire to be accepted by society and they have a fear of being disapproved. Mill believed government should intervene only when one individual may hurt another. People have the freedom to hold and express their own opinions, which would deny the government the ability to choose a majority over a minority. In this government their authority would be limited in its ability to intervene unless an individual was harming another.
Mill wastes no time in articulating the central thesis of On Liberty; he states, "Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign" (69). Mill, then, does not make the individual more important than society, but he separates the individual from society and articulates a realm of existence in which society, or the community, should have no power over the individual. Mill states, "The sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number is self-protection His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant" (68). Society, therefore, has no right to intervene in the private life of any person, unless they act in such a way that prevents others from enjoying their own rights.
Federalist papers were a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison and were publish with the pen name “Publius”. They were first written to urge the citizens of New York City to support ratification of the proposed United States Constitution. This paper will analyze the problem of tyranny of the majority in both society and the government by using Madison’s Federalist Papers No.10 and 51. It will also discuss how the republican government and separation of powers provide remedies.