The U.S. Free-Enterprise Economy Essay

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The United States is known for having a free-enterprise economy where a business can be conducted freely without government involved. In free-enterprise economies, goods and services are traded openly and are produced depending on the demand. People who support this type of economy believe it motivates businesses to make money and welcome new ideas. An important part of the economy is to have full employment and low inflation. Keynesianism and monetarism are both ways to stabilize the economy and promote growth when need. In keynesianism, government uses fiscal policy which is a list of policies that government spending and taxing can be used to improve the performance of an economy. The government produces stabilization by taxing and …show more content…
This policy is results in faster results to speed up the economy for the short term. Fiscal Policy is later used to develop a plan of yearly actions and is a long term way to stabilize the economy. The next idea to stabilize the economy is a theory called monetarism which is the belief that if government did not interfere with the market economy that employment would be high and inflation low. Followers believe the government is the reason of downturns such as the recent recession.

Both of these policies, keynesianism and monetarism are important and supported by the citizens. These ideas of how economy should be conducted both want to ensure a stable economy for the people. That’s where comparisons end and differences began. Monetarists want absolute freedom in the economy from government interference. They insist that Keynesianism causes the downturns because government it so worried about stabilizing the economy and doesn’t let it fully growth. Keynestists believe government should help aid the economy and can track it’s progress. Therefore a more structured policy is in place to provide aid in keeping stability from outside interferences. Without the government watching, numerous problem can arise such are large businesses taking over the small businesses which can lead to businesses closing and loss of jobs and no one wants to start a business with that as a possibility.

Balancing the national budget is one of the

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