The U.s. Supreme Court

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The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest federal court in the United States of America. This is expressed in Article III, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, which states that, “The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court.”(1) They have jurisdiction over all matters pertaining to federal and constitutional law, including the interpretation of such laws. Article III, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution clarifies the Supreme Court’s judicial jurisdiction by stating that, “Judicial power shall extend to all cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority”(1) The powers granted to the judiciary in the U.S. Constitution have allowed the courts to overrule state legislatures, Congress, governors, and even presidents. They are able to strike down laws, rules, and regulations that are interpreted as violations of federal or constitutional law.
There are several factors that influence Supreme Court decision making, many of which fall into two categories of influence: political and legal. Demonstrated in the attitudinal model, a judge’s attitudes are often shaped by their political background, and the views of their peers. A judge’s party affiliation is a political factor that influences their judicial decision making. The Court’s policy of adhering to Stare Decisis or legal precedents and their dedication to interpreting the original intent of
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