The Uk 's Climate Policy Essay

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Introduction There has been significant movement to the UK’s climate policy in the last decade. The UK has adopted various policies and instruments to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The recent legislation to tackle climate change in the UK, is successful in itself. This is compared to the international community who have failed to create a fully legally binding document. However climate policy in the UK has not been a resounding success; there is not a wide enough range of active policies and instruments. In addition, the current policies need to remain consistent and extend their applicability to gain success. Brief History of UK Climate Policy The UNFCCC was established in 1994 to address climate change at an international level. Since then, the parties to the convention (including the EU) meet annually in Conferences of the Parties. The Kyoto Protocol (1997) set an obligation for developed countries to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, through setting national targets, using 1990 as a base level. The UK has been one of only a few countries to comply with the international obligation and has reduced GHG emissions since 1990. The Climate Change Act is the first UK legislation to solely address climate change. It focuses on mitigating climate change, using energy more efficiently; and adapting to risks such as floods. This act set the UK with a long-term emissions reduction target of at least 80% lower than the 1990 baseline by 2050. Carbon budgets are set by the
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