The Un Security Council : A Legitimacy Crisis And Reform

1378 Words6 Pages
The UN Security Council was established in 1946 and currently consists of fifteen members. China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States are the five permanent members who hold the power to impose a veto on the council 's resolutions under Article 27 of the UN charter. Article 24 of the UN charter establishes the purpose of the UN Security Council, 'the UN member states have conferred the primary responsibility of maintenance of international peace and security to the Security Council '. In this essay, whether or not the UN Security Council is considered to be fit for purpose will depend on whether it is a legitimate institution which maintains international peace and security for all states consistently, and 'to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war '. This essay will consider the opinions of renowned intellectuals such as Ian Hurd who argue that the current membership structure of the UN Security Council constitutes a legitimacy crisis and reform of the UN Security Council 's structure is needed to make it more legitimate, which will result in the Council being more effective for its purpose. In this essay, the criticisms of the legitimacy of the UN Security Council and arguments that the permanent five members are using the veto power for the purposes of their own national interests will be taken into consideration and evidence supporting and criticising the Security Council will be analysed. This essay will conclude that the UN
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