The Unhcr

13403 Words Feb 26th, 2012 54 Pages
I.Hypothesis and Rationale A). Hypotheis

* UNHCR responds to the challenges in the protection of the refugees by increasing the cooperation resulting in the uplift conditions of Refugees today.

B). Rationale

* The world politics is now full of tensions, complexities, and chaotic. As we can see from the recent crisis for example, Libya (March 2011). Immediately, the number of more than 200,000 people had fled from Libya, mostly migrant workers from Egypt and Tunisia but including many more nationalities. This is the largest international evacuation since the 1st Gulf War (1990) (www.unhcr.org). The raising of crisis is alarmed as one of the global trends and causes a lot of displaced persons, asylum seekers and refugees. Not only
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The budget has grown from US$300,000 in its first year to more than US$3.32 billion in 2011. There are more than 43 million uprooted people worldwide. UNHCR now deals with 36.4 million people of concern to UNHCR: 15.6 million internally displaced people, 10.4 million refugees, 2.5 million returnees, 6.5 million stateless people, more than 980,000 asylum seekers and more than 400,000 other persons of concern. An organization with a three-year mandate to solve the problem of refugees celebrated its 60th anniversary on 14 December 2010, aware that the humanitarian needs are unlikely to disappear.

III. Structure of UNHCR
The UN refugee agency is governed by the UN General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The UNHCR Executive Committee, composed of 79 members, approves the agency's biennial programmes and the corresponding budget. These are presented by the High Commissioner (currently António Guterres), who is appointed by the UN General Assembly.
The UN refugee agency's mandate is defined by the 1950 UNHCR Statute. In 2003, the General Assembly extended the organization's mandate "until the refugee problem is solved." The High Commissioner reports annually to ECOSOC and the General Assembly on the work of UNHCR.
As head of the organization, the High Commissioner is responsible for the direction and control of UNHCR. He/she directs the work of UNHCR with the