The Uniform Code Of Military

1686 Words Dec 14th, 2015 7 Pages
The Uniform Code of Military justice (UCMJ) is a federal law, enacted by congress. It defines the military justice system and lists criminal offenses under military law (military). The president enacts rules by executive order known as Manual for Courts-Martial (MCM). The Manual for Court Martial details the rules and regulations for military court-martials and provides for maximum punishments for each military offense listed in the punitive articles of the UCMJ (Military). There is also a Non-Judicial Punishment, which consist of an article 15.
Non-judicial punishment consist of normally and article 15. It is the most common type of punishment in the military. Non-judicial punishment is often called mast in the Navy and Coast
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When a service member has been accused of a crime, their immediate will conduct an inquiry. This may be anything from an examination of the charges to a full investigation, depending on the severity of the charges. An investigation may be done by the chain of command, military or civilian law enforcement. . Once evidence has been gathered and the inquiry is complete, the commander can choose to dispose of the charges by (1) taking no action, (2) initiating Administrative action, (3) imposing non-judicial punishment, (4) preferring charges, (5) or forwarding to a higher authority for preferral of charges (FAS.org). Once the investigation is complete a prefferal of a charges also known as a charge sheet is completed. The charge sheet must be signed by the accuser under oath before a commissioned officer authorized to administer oaths. Once charges have been preferred they may be referred to one of three types of courts-martial: summary, special, or general. The seriousness of the offenses alleged generally determines the type of court-martial (FAS). Anyone that is being court martialed should retain a lawyer before saying anything to protect themselves. Once charged, they are read their rights and everything they say can, and will be used against them. The first of three types of court martial is a summary. Although, summary court martial is rare nowadays, they are similar to an article 15 punishment (non-judicial). Within a summary court
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