The Uniform Crime Records And The Federal Bureau Of The Chiefs Of Police ( Iacp )

2832 Words Oct 29th, 2014 12 Pages
In the late 1920s, the Committee on Uniform Crime Records was established by the International Association of the Chiefs of Police (IACP). The goal of the Committee was to develop a systematic way to measure crime in the United States. The Committee collaborated and decided to focus on seven (7) specific crime areas which they felt were the most known crimes and the most likely to be reported. These crimes were: burglary, robbery, larceny-theft, rape, auto theft, murder and aggravated assault (James & Rishard, 2008).
The IACP developed their own definitions of these crimes to ensure uniformity of reporting the data collected. This information and definitions were published in 1929 in the Uniform Crime Reporting Manual. The first
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This rule, however, does not apply to the offenses of arson, motor vehicle theft or homicide. The hotel rule, on the other hand, states that if a burglary happens in a hotel it would be recorded as one incident regardless of the number of rooms that may have been affected (James & Rishard, 2008).
The UCR is deeply rooted in the use of the hierarchy rule and in doing so; other crimes may be underestimated on the semi-annual report. For instance, a 25 year old white male robs a 19 year old Hispanic female at gun point and then rapes her before he flees. The investigating officer, using UCR methodology, would report the crime as “robbery.” The sexual assault is not reported to the UCR as it was a cause of being robbed. The theory is that had the female not been robbed, she would not have been raped. Thus, in terms of statistical data, the UCR only cares about the primary and prominent crime (Maxfield, 1999).
Under the guidelines for the UCR, the local law enforcement agencies report their data to their state UCR program. The state UCR program then reports all of the data collected to the Federal UCR program. Some agencies, like Chicago, submit data directly to the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2010).
There are a few benefits of the local agencies reporting to the State and the State reporting to the Federal level. The State acts as a liaison and is able to aide local agencies, assist in
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