The Uniform Crime Records And The Federal Bureau Of The Chiefs Of Police ( Iacp )

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In the late 1920s, the Committee on Uniform Crime Records was established by the International Association of the Chiefs of Police (IACP). The goal of the Committee was to develop a systematic way to measure crime in the United States. The Committee collaborated and decided to focus on seven (7) specific crime areas which they felt were the most known crimes and the most likely to be reported. These crimes were: burglary, robbery, larceny-theft, rape, auto theft, murder and aggravated assault (James & Rishard, 2008). The IACP developed their own definitions of these crimes to ensure uniformity of reporting the data collected. This information and definitions were published in 1929 in the Uniform Crime Reporting Manual. The first report of data collected was published later that same year and was amassed from 400 cities across the 48 contiguous United States, as well as the territories of Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. This report became known as the Uniform Crime Report (UCR). The following year, in 1930, the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) was tapped to control the crime data collected for the UCR (James & Rishard, 2008). Since 1930, there have been a few modifications made to the UCR. The FBI began recording the age, sex and race of those arrested as well as increasing the known crimes reported to law enforcement from seven (7) categories to eight (8) categories by adding the category of arson (James & Rishard, 2008). Structure and Methodology The

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