The Union Of The United States

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On December 20, 1860, just a little over a month after the election of Abraham Lincoln, South Carolina seceded the union. Becoming the first state ever to do so, and this action set the example for similar results to happen in fellow slave holding states; throughout the beginning of 1861. Although South Carolina had come very close to secession before, first during the nullification crisis of 1832, and again at the State Convention of 1852, it would ultimately come to a breaking point after the of Election of 1860. Though the full severity of this movement was played down at first in Northern newspapers at first, the real gravity of the situation would soon be felt throughout the Union. This election became the last straw in a series of…show more content…
These levies were raised quite excessively on the agricultural lifestyle of Southern planters and less extreme on the manufacturing economy of the North. Vice President at the time, John C. Calhoun differed about these tariffs so much that, he resigned his office in 1832, so that he could fully support nullification and states rights. Calhoun would become the voice of a possible Southern departure from the union because what he viewed as a threat to state sovereignty. These grievances against states’ rights that Calhoun spoke of during this time were, solely based off the federal governments right to intervene in state affairs. Next speculation of South Carolinian Secession would start with the Compromise of 1850. This development would shift the talk of separation from one about unfair laws to the institution of slavery. This organization was a livelihood for southern planters and came under great attack from Northern abolitionists. When gold was found in California in 1849, a surge of people there allowed this new territory to petition for statehood. The problem arose between the North and South on whether to allow this new state to be free or slave. This apprehension was solved by allowing California to enter the union as a free state and in turn the government passed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850; which promised federal assistance to Southern states whose slaves escaped to freedom. This pacified both sides for a little while longer, but it did
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