The United Nations Convention On The Rights Of The Child

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The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child recognizes any person under the age of 18 as a child, following this within the Criminal Justice System of England and Wales it is specified that people under the age of 18 are to be considered as juveniles, people between the ages of 14-18 are to be considered as young persons and anyone under the age of 14 is to be classed as a child. What this means to us is that within the Criminal Justice System children can be distinguished by their ages, allowing different ages to be responded to as a result. On the other hand because the age of criminal responsibility is set at 10 years of age in England and Wales, this is not allowed. Instead of taking notice of the varied phases of development children are at, children are tried in adult courts as adults, where the notion of childhood is not considered.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child believe that this is not morally acceptable, the circumstance that our laws give the preference of recognising the different phases of a child’s development, but not in the age of criminal responsibility promotions many questions, furthermore due to the abolishment of doli incapax 1998 Lipscombe (2012), further arguments are put forward for the age of criminal responsibility to be altered.
This essay is going to look into problems put forward for having the age of criminal responsibility set at ten years of age as well as why this age should be altered, with substitute
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