The United States And Japan

1622 WordsNov 23, 20147 Pages
The decade before World War II saw economic depression grip the most powerful nations on the world. The United States and Japan were no exceptions to this, with one major difference. As an island nation, Japan lacked the resources and raw materials necessary to expand its military and heavy industry, a popular strategy for ending depression and stimulating economic recovery and expansion. As such, Japan turned to military conquest and imperialism to gather the necessary resources. Standing in the way was an impediment long-seen as an obstacle to the Japanese military leadership – the United States. The oil embargo enacted under President Franklin Roosevelt, preventing Japan from receiving oil exports from its largest supplier, proved to be a tipping point that coalesced military strategy around the need to bring war to the American homeland. Along with its overly-ambitious military hopes in the quest to expand an empire recovering from economic depression and in dire need of resources and raw materials, the Japanese leaders underestimated the will of the Unites States and its allies in fighting a war against their aggression. Mistaking isolationist tendencies for “softness,” the Japanese failed to consider the rallying effect Pearl Harbor would have on the American spirit, ultimately catalyzing the transformation of the United States from an isolationist power to the protector of democracy around the world. In order to completely grasp the impact the attack on Pearl Harbor
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