The United States And The Middle East

1653 Words7 Pages
Over the past decade, wars and interventions in the Middle East have broken up existing states, fostered sectarianism and destroyed infrastructures, creating the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. After years of revolutionary upheaval, the Arab world 's old system is on the verge of collapse. The United States and other countries bear the blame for this emergence and growth of the indigenous movements like the Taliban, AL-Qaeda, and IS. Order in the Middle East has been undermined by corrupt and illegitimate governments, abundance of energy resources, inadequate educational systems, and various religion-related and secular problems. Outside action have added to the problems, from poorly drawn national borders to recent interventions. In…show more content…
Air power is instrumental for changing the course of wars. Experience in Libya shows how important it is developing influence on the field and devoting sustained efforts for postwar stabilization. The current turmoil in Iraq was created by a revolt against specific governmental policies which has its origins in the United States ' invasion and occupation. Saddam Hussein, who ruled the country, was part of the Sunni minority who suppressed the Shia majority. However, Sunnis and Shias coexisted in Iraq because Saddam did not allow overt sectarianism to flourish. Political affiliation was primarily based on secular ideologies and any group that grew too strong was purged by his security forces. Whenever possible, Saddam would strike deals with leaders of socioeconomic minority groups in order to keep indigenous resistance at bay. Because of its alleged connections to weapons of mass destruction and terrorism, the United States invaded Iraq in 2003. Iraq was conquered fairly quickly, and the United States, without a plan, deployed a 'divide-and-rule strategy ' when negotiating the new Iraqi state. The Iraq citizens were forced to declare a sectarian identity which formed the basis of political organizations. Based on this new social contract, a quota was put in place in the governing council. Ethnic and religious groups were pitted against each other by politicians, and this precedent continues in the new government. Regional power dynamics in Iraq previously
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