The United States And The Middle East

2128 WordsJul 17, 20159 Pages
Following World War II, the major international powers in the Middle East began to lose influence over the area. In 1946, France and Great Britain were forced to withdrawal from their colonized states by the United Nation Security Council when a delegation of the Middle Eastern countries called for the removal the colonial mandates on Middle East, specifically in Palestine (Department of Public Information). While Britain and France did not completely abandon their influence over the area, the removal of their direct influence over the Middle East left an opening for the two new superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, to enter the scene. The two world powers were in stark competition after World War II in an attempt to spread their political ideology. The Middle East became a new battleground for the Cold War after the removal of France and Great Britain. The two countries were drawn to the Middle East because of both their rivalry and their own specific interests, but their actions had major regional repercussions on the area and the relations between countries. The expression of the rivalry between the two countries came in three forms: direct engagement, alliances, and military aid. While the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union was the driving force behind the two powers’ interests in the Middle East, both had their own specific agendas, which need to be realized before focusing in on the rivalry itself. The Soviet Union had major
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