The United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

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The United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, otherwise known as the EEOC, is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, gender identity, sexual orientation, national origin, age if 40 or older, disability or genetic information. This also protects individuals who have previously filed a complaint or charge related to discrimination or because of personal involvement in an investigation or lawsuit concerning employment discrimination. This coverage includes employers with 15 employees, but that number changes to 20 employees in age discrimination cases as well as labor unions and employment agencies. The laws concerning EEOC apply to all types of situations; hiring, firing, promotions, harassment, training, wages and benefits.
As EEOC as an organization, has the authority to investigate charges of discrimination against the previously described employers who are covered by the law. The role the EEOC plays is to fairly and accurately evaluate the accusations made by the employee and come to a conclusion. If it is confirmed that discrimination has occurred, their job is to settle the charge in the appropriate manner. If there is not sufficient evidence then it is their responsibility to file a lawsuit to protect the rights of the employee filing the complaint and protect the interests of the public. Lawsuits are not always
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