The United States Falls Farther Behind On Education Tests

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As the United States falls farther behind on education tests in math reading and science, there has been a push for a redesign of the education system. Of the 64 countries tested in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2012, 19 other industrialized countries ranked ahead of the United States (United States, n.d.). Because of these results and the stagnating American education, parents, teachers, and the government are pushing even more standards for math, reading, and science even more. To try to resolve from the problem from its root means that there needs to be a change in how reading is taught. By improving the reading skills of students, it has the potential to promote higher success in other subjects like…show more content…
The decoding method involves teaching children to read by starting with what would be the most difficult part of reading, sentences. Teachers will read a sentence, break it down to words, then finally break it into syllables and sounds. This method is a top down process in which students progressively work their way down to the basics of reading. They start out with the general and work down to specifics. Unfortunately, this tends to be the way many public schools teach students and could be a possible reason for schools staying the same or falling behind other countries. Despite this setback in the education system, there are strategies that could be used which would be far more effective. For example, in many classrooms flashcards are utilized as a way to drill students on both previous material and new material to make them faster and more accurate (Nist & Joseph, 2008). There are several different ways to use flashcards including traditional drill and practice and incremental rehearsal. In a majority of classrooms, flashcards are used in the traditional drill and practice which is when new words are shown to students, the instructor states the word, and then the student is supposed to repeat the word back. This is done until the student knows what the word is by looking at it. The incremental rehearsal method is when there are a majority of known words given with some unknown words
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