The United States ' Housing Bubble

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On September 15th 2008, Lehman Brothers, one of the United States’ largest investment banks, declared bankruptcy. This event occurred during the Great Recession, a time period where economic activities in the United States had significantly declined in the early 21st century. The Great Recession occurred for numerous reasons; however the primary reasons are due to the housing bubble as well as the subprime mortgage backed securities. What made matters worse during the recession was the day September 29, 2008 when congress could not come in agreement to pass a bailout plan that would have otherwise saved Lehman Brothers. The period of its collapse is an interesting part of United States’ finance industry’s history; this is primarily due to the frequency that which this sort of event can occur actually occur in real world economics. The United States’ housing bubble is an example that is applicable to the black swan theory. This theory is summarized as, “An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult to predict.” (“Black Swan Theory”). The severity of the housing bubble effect had rendered the Fed’s primary tool of open market operations to be ineffective. The Fed had to rely on other measures that are infrequently used; in this case was quantitative easing. Quantitative easing is the injection of reserves into circulation to promote economic activity as well as decrease the unemployment rate. This
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