The United States Illogical Practice of Democratic Peace Theory in the Middle East

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The idea of a lasting, ideally global, peace has been present in the minds of people for centuries. The most notable formulation of this is Kant’s vision of perpetual peace. “He saw it as a condition that needed to be maintained by politics between states with governments which represented society and separation of power. From this basic framework stems the idea called “democratic peace theory” (pg. 82). Democratic Peace Theory (DPT) asserts that democracies do not generally fight other democracies because they share common norms and domestic institutions that constrain international, state actors from going to war. Sebastian Rosato states, “In practical terms democratic peace theory provides the intellectual justification for the belief…show more content…
The normative side of the theory, while powerful, can be a double-edged sword. Implementing the normative side theory can be dangerous according to an individuals or groups subjective interpretation. The idea of global peace and security is so seductive that normative logic can be used to justify war. “Woodrow Wilson, a firm believer in Kant’s ideas, told Congress, ‘The world must be made safe for democracy when asking it to declare war on Germany.’ Furthermore, the justification for war in Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003, allowed George W. Bush and Tony Blair to state they are “bringing democracy to Afghanistan” (pg. 20).Subjective interpretation of what democracy is can be used to validate aggression. Institutional Logic Institutional logic states, “Democratic institutions and processes make leaders accountable to a wide range of social groups that may, in a variety of circumstances, oppose war” (Rosato, pg. 587). The accountability of political elites wanting to stay in office means they must be ready to discredit unpopular policies and align themselves with other elites who share the same interests. Democratic states also allow for freedom of speech and a supposedly transparent political process, meaning the mass public can monitor and rate the government’s performance holding these leaders accountable. However, Roasto states, “because they are conscious of their

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