The United States Juvenile Justice Court Was Based On The

1325 WordsMar 6, 20176 Pages
The United States juvenile justice court was based on the English parens patriae adopted in the United States as part of the legal tradition of England. But the efforts of the state to rehabilitate juvenile offenders with institutional treatment with the houses of refuge and reformatories failed. Today, the United States has 51 different juvenile court systems; the laws and statutes vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Thus, each state’s approach to handle the youth offenders is responsible for how the youth offenders will experience the justice system. Both the past and the present approaches to deal with juvenile offenders have shaped today’s juvenile justice system. According to Bartollas and Miller (2017), the medieval traditions…show more content…
But by the end of the Civil War the reform schools became prisons because the industrialization changed the family environment to a vocational education. According to Schiraldi and Drizin (1999), the first juvenile court in the United States was founded in Chicago in 1899 after a young lawyer named John Altgeld toured the House of Corrections and found hundreds of children as young as 8 years old jailed with adults. The Cook County Juvenile Court was created to rehabilitate instead of punishing the offenders under 16 years of age. In other words, for the juvenile court judges to treat rather than to punish juveniles placing attention on the offender instead of the offense. Most importantly, for the children to receive a second chance and keep them away from the adults in jails. Certainly, “jails and prisons clearly were no places for children” (Bartollas & Miller, 2017, p.5). Per Klug (2001) by 1925, 48 states had juvenile courts closely following the Chicago Juvenile Court. But “changes were made when the policy makers and the public were dissatisfied with the effectiveness of the treatment techniques available to juvenile justice practitioners” resulting in waiver situations instead of adjudication (Klug, 2001, p. 100). The juvenile court system started moving away from rehabilitating a child, instead it was looking like the adult criminal justice

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