The United States ' Legal Responsibility For Indian Education

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According to Meza (2015), effects from the United States’ attempts to accommodate, assimilate, and terminate the Indian are still being felt today. Many traditional Native American languages have become extinct, and the future tribal leaders are struggling to perform at comparable levels with mainstream American students. The upcoming generation does not know their traditional culture or language. This threatens tribal sovereignty (Mesa, 2015). There are differing opinions regarding the United States’ legal responsibility for Indian education. The Supreme Court has continually held that Indian tribes are “domestic dependent nations.” However, Congress and the President agree the federal government is responsible for the education of Indian students (Meza, 2015). To date, there have been over 150 treaties between tribes and the United States. In 2001, the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Amendments to Title VII (Indian Education) read as follows:
It is the policy of the United States to fulfill the Federal Government’s unique and continuing trust relationship with and responsibility to the Indian people for the education of Indian children. The Federal Government will continue to ensure that programs that serve Indian children are of the highest quality and provide for not only the basic elementary and secondary education needs, but also the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of these
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