Essay on The United States Military

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The United states Military is made up of Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard branches, however the Army is the only branch that has ever issued a conscription or draft and has done so many times during its wars. The Draft was abolished in 1973 in favor of an all volunteer army, but men of draft age still to this day have to register to the Selective Service System so a draft can be readily applied if needed. The draft system recruits and places men into the military during a time of need for soldiers. During the Vietnam War and Cold War many people found the draft controversial and unfair, and chose to protest or completely disobey the draft system. Although the Vietnam War draft was thought by many Americans to be an…show more content…
In 1962 President John F. Kennedy re-instated the Presidents Committee on equal opportunity in the Armed Forces. This was known as the Gesell Committee and was chaired by attorney Gerhard Gesell and was made to bring qualified African Americans into military service. At the time African Americans made up 13% of the U.S population but only made up 9% of the Armed Forces. The committee aimed to make these numbers more equal and bring more military interest and benefits to Blacks, however before the committee could act, the war in Vietnam solved the problems. The new military expansions, discriminatory draft, and government programs brought increased African American participation and new forms of discrimination. The new U.S. involvement in the Vietnam conflict overlapped the roaring Civil Rights movement bringing the misuse and mistreatment of African Americans troops in the draft and in war itself. Many Civil Rights leaders not only saw discrimination in the war and war programs, but they also used it as leverage for their movement. Dr. Martin Luther King described the Vietnam War as: “a white man’s war, a black man’s fight” and felt that the number of black youths drafted was disproportionate to whites, and that African Americans faced a greater chance of being in combat or placed in front lines. This concern
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