“…thirteen powerful, independent, disunited States are in the habit off…refusing to obey our national Congress…I pray that we can act in time to prevent the bad things we fear may happen.” George Washington wrote this in a letter to John Jay (Doc 3). Even the man who is immediately thought of when talking about the start of our nation thought that without a new set of guidelines to run our country by, the young country would eventually break apart and the fighting of the higher powers would begin again. The reasons George thought this way was because of how week the Articles of Confederation actually were, also because all the different foreign problems that the country as a whole faced, and another big
While the Articles of Confederation unified the American colonies for the first time, the individual states had a hard time allowing a central government to solely control their territory. Due to fear of an all powerful monarchy like the one they had experienced in England the colonies were wary of allowing a central government certain powers. These certain powers included control of commerce, ability to tax, and even the ability to act directly upon individual citizens of a state. While the Articles provided a loose confederation to unify the new country, they were only a temporary solution due to their obvious weaknesses in several areas. The Articles of Confederation were essentially
The Framers of the United States Constitution ultimately decided to give more power to the Federal government rather than the state governments for many reasons. There were many problems with the articles that caused instability in the government, and even a rebellion. Then there’s the Federal government who lacked powers to do anything much because the people were too scared to make the Federal government strong. Lastly, there was the State government who had either too much power or they had power that the Federal government should have. There were a lot of problems with the Articles that needed to be addressed , most of which were addressed.
In "Address to the People of the United States," Benjamin Rush states, "The confederation...[was] formed under very unfavorable circumstances. We had just emerged from a corrupted monarchy...most of us were ignorant of...republics..." During this time, the government had too much power and Congress did want to make the citizens feel oppressed. The Articles of Confederation gave the government the power to make decisions and pass laws. However, the states could reject the laws because the government had no way to enforce them. The delegates amended this conflict in the Constitution by creating federalism, therefore balancing the power between the states and the federal government. The single branch of government was divided into the executive, judicial, and legislative branches to ensure that the power would be distributed evenly and there would be no corruption.
After many years of fighting for independence, America needed a break from any type of government. Well you see in order to have a functioning country you need some type of functioning government. When the idea of a government came up many were fearful of what could happen. What if they resorted back to the old ways? What if all those years of fighting for independence were for nothing? Congress had to start somewhere. And in November 1777, The Articles of Confederation were accepted. “The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 5, 1777.” The main purpose of the Articles of Confederation was to have something to hold on to while America set up. However there Articles did not deal very well with state things. Such as dealing with foreign relations and economic conditions. When accepted the Articles were only to work under certain conditions. Conditions being those such as not interfering with other states and their commerce. Or states that had not paid if war debts. Out of fear of becoming their enemy they thought that it was a good idea. Congress created many departments and one of them was the Department of
The feebleness of Congress was a major weakness of the Articles of Confederation. When the Articles of Confederation were adopted in 1777, they created a “loose confederation” of states (Pageant, 181). This meant that each state was independent and sovereign, linked by Congress only to deal with common problems and foreign affairs. Congress was meant to be part of a united central power of the government, but due to the abuse suffered from the king, the states so limited the powers of the central government to the point of powerlessness.
They decided to create the Articles of Confederation, a constitution that gave little power to the federal government and a large amount to the individual states. This created weaknesses in the U.S.A. They had found out that the Article of Confederation created a central government that was too weak to really do what was needed. The framers also chose federalism as a way from preventing tranny, and that was so not needed. They wanted to split up the power of government between the states and the central government so that neither level of government could become too powerful. They felt like splitting up power was a good way to protect people from a government tranny.
However, the most important power was that Congress had the right to obtain territory and control development of the western territories, which was previously controlled by their mother country, Great Britain. (Doc D) With the Articles of Confederation, the United States was able to break away from their mother country and become a free nation, setting up their own government. Although the articles set the United States free, it was unable to provide them with a solid government. Leaders like John Jay and James Madison criticized the Articles of Confederation because of the weak government. (Doc G) There were several problems between the states and the central government. For instance, sometimes the states refused to give the government the money it needed, and they engaged in tariff wars with one another, bringing interstate trading to a halt. The government could not pay off the debts it had incurred during the revolution, including paying soldiers who had fought in the war and citizens who had provided supplies to the cause. (Doc C) In addition, the new nation was unable to defend its borders from British and Spanish encroachment because it could not pay for an army when the states would not contribute the necessary funds. Another serious problem was that Congress could not pass needed measures because they lacked nine-state majority required to become laws. The states
After the American colonies won their freedom from Great Britain needed to create a new government. The Articles of Confederation were developed, bestowing America with its first official government. The Articles were composed of many restrictions creating an inadequate body of government. One of the main reasons the articles didn't work was from the lack of a strong central government the states received too much liberty and freedom, and on the other hand congress was weak and restricted. The government did not have enough power to govern all the states efficiently under the articles of confederation, it couldn't tax or regulate trade . From the time period when the Articles were constructed in 1781, to when they were discarded in 1789, the
After the American Revolutionary War, the men in the Second Continental Congress were faced with a monumental challenge, creating a document that would democratically frame the new United States government in the spirit of liberty and freedom. While they spent much time and effort writing and ratifying this document, they were hindered by past experiences and prejudices against their previous mother country, Great Britain. The memories of imperial Britain, still fresh in the minds of the ex-colonists, caused them to include certain concepts of the Articles of Confederation that would prove detrimental to the functionality of the federal government. Although the American people desired to retain state sovereignty, they fashioned a form of government that bestowed excessive powers to the states, so severely that the national government could not effectively govern them
This form of government they created was called a constitutional republic. The Articles of Confederation gave power to the states instead of equally shared power. In order to make an amendment the Federal Government had to get a yes from all thirteen states. This made it very hard to get anything done.
During the years 1781 to 1789, the Articles of Confederation was the bases of the current government. This confederation was set up to create a weak government, leaving main power in the state legislatures. The people of the new United States did not foresee having a strong central government in fear of a monarchy such as that of Great Britain's. To a significant extent, the government under these articles were ineffective due to the lack of power in Congress and control of foreign relations. A contribution to the downfall of the Articles of Confederation is the insufficiency of it.
The colonies spent 400 million fighting against a form of government for the freedom to make there own decisions. This could be the reason it took a long period of time to form the constitution. The Constitution was put in the place of the Articles of Confederation. This was put in place to guard against tyranny from happening. Tyranny is when you have one person has all the power and mistreated it. The Constitution guards against tyranny by making sure the states have power of local things, power is split with the three branches of the government, the three branches of the government have a little control over each other, and that large and small states have equal say and no small state would be left out.
Following the American Revolution, the necessity of the formation of a new central government was evident. The nation was split over exactly how much power could be appointed to the federal government without it becoming tyrannical. Finally, at the Constitutional Congress, the Articles of Confederation were created to bind the nation under a relatively weak federal government. However, these articles led to United States to a bumpy start as they did not allow for effective government from 1781 to 1789. The weakness of the Articles can be seen in the conflict over territorial claims, economic struggles, and general lack of control that the federal government help in the period of which the United States was governed under them.
After the Constitutional Convention in 1787, the United States Government was reorganized under the Constitution. This gave the federal government far more power than did the Articles of Confederation, which invested power within the states. Basically, the Constitution created three branches of government (Executive, Judicial, and Legislative) which would work together to run the government. To make sure that there was an equal balance of power among the branches, a system of checks and balances was devised so that each branch could limit the power of the others. It is important to note that "the doctrine of separation of powers is not established by any constitutional provision [but] rather it emerges from he framers'