The United States Supreme Court Cases

1946 Words Jan 26th, 2018 8 Pages
At its discretion, and within certain guidelines established by Congress, the Supreme Court each year hears a limited number of the cases it is asked to decide. Those cases may begin in the federal or state courts, and they usually involve important questions about the Constitution or federal law. Established by the Constitution within Article III, the Supreme Court was declared the highest federal court in the United States as well as the highest body within the judicial branch of government. With these prestigious titles, the Supreme Court possesses final appellate jurisdiction. They also have the power to exercise supervisory jurisdiction over the lower courts. The Justices of the Supreme Court are chosen and then nominated by the President. After that, they must be approved by the majority vote of the members within the Senate. When appointed, the Justices serve until death, retirement, or impeachment. The average term of a Supreme Court Justice, however, is most commonly 15 years. The Supreme Court assumed the responsibility of having a new role as guardian of the rights and liberties of the individual in the twentieth century. The history surrounding the Supreme Court helps to identify the country’s economic development, alteration in political views, and evolution of federal structure. The Supreme Court deals with a significant number of cases each year…
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