The United States Vs. The Warsaw Pact

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On August 6, 1945 the first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, instantly killing 66,000 people. The dropping of the bomb also had broader circumstances as it forced the surrender of Japan, officially ending World War II. However, the end of World War II marked the beginning of the political conflict and military tension between Russia and the United States known as the cold war. The “war” became global as it as it transformed from the U.S.S.R. vs. the United States to NATO vs. the Warsaw Pact. The Cold War ended in 1991, and now about twelve countries are confirmed or suspected to possess nuclear weapons. Globalization has advanced both the spread of nuclear weapons, and their disarmament. Non-proliferation efforts…show more content…
Scientists from Germany were making huge progress on the topic of nuclear fission. Fortunately, many of these scientists escaped the authoritarian Germany. These refugees, including Albert Einstein warned the United States about the German’s nuclear weapons capability. Consequently, the United States created the Manhattan Project in 1942 under fears of a nuclear attack by the Germans. The Manhattan Project was a secret military project created to produce the first US nuclear weapon. However, the United States soon learned that the Germans were nowhere near the full formation of a nuclear weapon. Now, their attentions focused to the Pacific front where they were in a costly war with the Japanese. American casualties were mounting into huge numbers, and Japanese soldiers refused to surrender. The United States knew they risked over a million casualties if they chose to invade Japan. Instead, they chose to launch two nuclear bombs on the Japanese towns of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. This would lead to a new nuclear age in which the world would be in fear of being bombarded by a nuclear weapon. Till this day the grave effects of these first two weapons keep the world’s aim to curb the use of these weapons. After the end of the Second World War, the United States had a monopoly on the atomic bomb. However, this would see end in August 1949 as the Soviets unexpectedly detonated an atomic bomb. After this,
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