Essay on The United States and the Suez Crisis of 1956

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A: Plan of Investigation

Research Question: To what extent was the goal of U.S. actions surrounding the Suez Crisis of 1956 to preserve neutrality to protect U.S. interests?
Background: In the midst of the Cold War and the Arab-Israeli conflict, conflict arose over Gamal Abdel Nasser’s nationalization of the Suez Canal. This was of particular concern due to Nasser’s increased connection with the Soviet Union, through the Czech Arms agreement and the Aswan Dam. Following Nasser’s nationalization of the Suez Canal, Great Britain, France, and Israel invaded Egypt. In facing this crisis, the U.S. had to consider Cold War politics with the Soviet Union, relations with Arab and Israeli nations, and relations with the invading powers
Scope:
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We felt this to be a misguided policy on the part of the Government of Egypt.” (Eisenhower Radio and Television Report)
• “The Soviet-Egyptian arms deal of September 1955 seemed doubly troubling because it signaled new departures both in Soviet assertiveness in the region and in an Arab state’s receptivity to Soviet aid.” (Hahn 151)
Aswan Dam:
• “In exchange for offers of Anglo-U.S. financial aid to build the Aswan Dam in late 1955, Nasser suspended active opposition to the [Bagdad] pact provided that no other states were recruited to join it” (Hahn 153).
• “Eisenhower hoped that the recent Anglo-U.S. offer to fund construction of the Aswan Dam might win Nasser’s cooperation and that Israel’s insecurity stemming from the Soviet-Egyptian arms deal would force the Jewish state to negotiate” (Hahn 190)
• Nasser resumed denouncing the Bagdad Pact (Hahn 153)
• According to John Foster Dulles, the US Secretary of State, revoking the Aswan funding offer was intended to “‘let Colonel Nasser realize that he cannot cooperate as he is doing with the

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