The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Article 11,

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 11, states: "Everyone charged with a penal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defense.” This is not the case for Tom Robinson. In Maycomb, we see a town divided. Most townsfolk cannot fathom the idea that Maycomb’s black residents are equal to its white ones. But others - Atticus, Miss Maudie, Judge Taylor - treat everyone equally, with respect, kindness, and reason. Yet it is not through these characters that we see Tom Robinson’s trial. We watch from the balcony through the eyes of the children - Scout, Jem, and Dill. We see them learn the law and the unwritten rules…show more content…
“African Americans could not play professional sports with white teammates or serve in the armed forces with white soldiers. Black children were educated in separate schools. Black barbers couldn 't wait on white female clients, and white female nurses couldn 't attend to black male patients.” Not every law applied in every state, but the Jim Crow laws were demoralizing and far reaching, all in the name of protecting white culture and power. Atticus Finch defends Tom because he values equality and justice. He believes that everyone is equal, and, therefore, just because Tom Robinson is black, does not mean that he should not defend him. He says to Scout many times that if he did not defend this man, he could never tell Jem or her (Scout) not to do something. In this case, he is displaying that everyone deserves a chance and that everyone is equal. He is also trying to make the town of Maycomb more accepting of this idea since this is a town of great discrimination. This is the major problem — the town is of great discrimination.
Maycomb is in the South, an area widely segregated. After the civil war, the situation of African Americans in the South became much worse. Racism had definitely peaked and the white society had many prejudices about their former slaves. The kind of discrimination many Maycomb citizens engage in is blind and inconsiderate of others’ feelings. Just like what Dolphus Raymond says, “Cry about the simple hell people give other
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