The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

892 Words4 Pages
Human rigths is an essential component of a tolerant and individually satisfied society. They are created to defend people’s dignity, equality and liberty. However, for thousands of years people lived with no garanteed rights, until 1948, when United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. But is the Universal Declaration of Human Rigths really universal to all states and humans living in them? I am going to argue if Human Rights should or should not be unically adapted to different cultures, religions and beliefs. There are two main concepts, which distinct the requirement of globally spread universality of Human Rights. First of all, both theories should be presented: relativism and universalism. They are two borderline doctrines, differing on the basic approach to universal truth. Universalism claims that it is impossible to preserve and fight for human rights without defending universalism itself, as it is the foundation for the expansion of liberty and equality in all cultures. The basic and most substancial statement in universalism is that Human Rights are acquired by all individuals, everywhere in the world, regardless of everything: religion, culture, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation or their economical situation. Relativism, in contrast to universalism, states that human rights should be adjusted to different cultures, civilizations and religions. It implies that there are no universal human rights and people receive their rights
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