The Unknown Bacteria Plate Chosen

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Unknown Bacteria
I. Introduction
The unknown bacteria plate chosen was plate #2. It was identified to be Micrococcus luteus. It is a gram positive, Coccus bacteria that is commonly found in dust, water, soil, and the air. M. luteus also thrives in the human mouth and upper respiratory tract. Sir Alexander Fleming discovered it in 1928 before he identified penicillin. It is part of the normal flora on human skin as well as other mammals. Since it is part of normal flora it is normally not pathogenic, but can become opportunistic in an immune-deficient person. It has been known to cause septic shock, UTI’s, and even pneumonia. Micrococcus luteus is both urease and catalase positive. It does not utilize tryptophan for indole production. It is a facultative anaerobe. Mobility is not present for this bacterium. Starch is also not hydrolyzed and oxidase is not present.
II. Materials and Methods
The Gram stain was used to determine if the bacteria was gram positive or negative. A negative test shows a pink color and a positive test is a purple color. When a bacterium is negative it is because it has an outer membrane and a thin layer of peptidoglycan that is much harder to stain. A positive bacterium has a thick layer of peptidoglycan and no outer membrane that can be penetrated by crystal violet.
To perform this test, a small drop of water is placed on a clean microscope slide. A metal loop that has been properly sterilized in the blue flame and allowed time to cool is used to
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