The Urban Of Mega City

2062 WordsOct 6, 20149 Pages
The modern ‘Mega-City’ is typically defined as a metropolitan agglomeration with over 10 million residents. In 2014, this definition can be applied to over 30 cities around the world with cities like Tokyo reaching approximately 37 million people. In order to ascertain the effects such sprawling cities may have on their residents, an analysis of some of the major issues that develop in such large urban metropolises will be explored. As late as the early 19th century, only 3% of the world’s population lived in cities, this rose to 30% in 1950 and at present time approximately 50% of the world’s population currently reside in cities. Around the world, cities comprise only 2% of the earth’s surface and by the year 2030, predictions suggest…show more content…
After the discovery of Rio de Janeiro in the early 16th century by Portuguese explorers, the city, in its formative years was home to an intense battle of land. By 1530, The Portuguese had to strengthen their hold on Brazil with interest coming from other European nations. With Brazil’s timber becoming the envy of traders, the French started to test Brazil’s defenses as the Portuguese built forts in a desperate bid to keep them at bay. The following years consisted of grueling battles over what is now known as Rio de Janeiro with the French finally conceding in 1567. In the following year, Rio began to show signs of becoming a city with the building of a citadel and the production of sugarcanes. In the early stages, Rio largely survived by farming and by 1660; around 8’000 people lived in the city although most of these were Indian and Black slaves forced to work in the plantations. During the 1700’s, Rio’s fortune grew rapidly with the successful expansion of mines in the northwest. Diamonds, gold and silver among other precious metals were discovered which exponentially boosted the cities economy and population with an influx of hopeful miners. Such was the success and importance of Rio that the Portuguese made it the capital of Brazil in 1763 and by the late 1700s Rio began to expand upon its boundaries due to the number of immigrants attracted by the riches of the mines. Rio continued to grow as an export economy throughout the 19th century despite strong
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