The Us Supreme Court

2825 WordsOct 12, 200812 Pages
The US Supreme Court History, Jurisdiction & Current Justices Introduction The Supreme Court's annual term begins in October. Five justices constitute a quorum to hear a case, and decision is rendered by majority vote. In the event of a tie, the previous judgment is affirmed. Under the Judiciary Law, cases are brought to the court by appeal or by writ of certiorari. Nine judges sit on the Court: the chief justice of the United States and eight associate justices. The president of the United States appoints them to the Court for life terms, but the U.S. Senate must approve each appointment with a majority vote. The Supreme Court wields complete authority over the federal courts, but it has only limited power over state courts. The Court…show more content…
Congress has authorized the Court to use its full appellate jurisdiction, except on rare occasions. Current Justices of the Supreme Court Members of the court are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. Like all Federal judges, they retain their office indefinitely. The size of the Supreme Court is not prescribed by the Constitution; it is set by statute. By late 1999, a total of 108 Justices, 106 men and 2 women had sat on the bench. William H. Rehnquist WILLIAM HUBBS REHNQUIST During his early years on the Court, despite the presence of three other Republican appointees, Rehnquist was often the only dissenter, espousing a view of states' rights and limited federal judicial power that many regarded as outmoded. Rehnquist also dissented in Roe v. Wade (1973), in which the majority based a woman's right to an abortion on a constitutional right of privacy that arose not from the terms but from the "penumbras" of the Bill of Rights. He wrote, "To reach its result, the Court necessarily has had to find within the scope of the Fourteenth Amendment a right that was apparently completely unknown to the drafters of the Amendment." When Warren Burger announced his resignation as chief justice and President Ronald Reagan nominated Rehnquist as his replacement June 20, 1986, there was a firestorm of protest among liberals. Sen. Edward Kennedy

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