The Usa Freedom Act And The Nsa

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Introduction The USA FREEDOM Act, the acronymic title for H.R. 2048, Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015, replaced the USA PATRIOT Act (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001), which expired on May 31, 2015. The USA FREEDOM Act was created in response to public backlash against the PATRIOT Act and the NSA, particularly in the wake of Edward Snowden’s whistleblowing release of information about massive surveillance and data gathering. The purport of the USA FREEDOM Act is to stop some of the most egregious transgressions of the National Security Administration by limiting the ability of the federal government to gather massive amounts of metadata on citizens pre-emptively, without probable cause. Instead, the federal government must seek search warrants from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, or FISC to access phone data. It also limits the ability of the federal government to do dragnet surveillance – in other words, to gather data on everyone in a certain city, state, or ZIP code. The Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts must submit an annual report that indicates the data collected through certain types of orders. The USA FREEDOM Act also implements safeguards to prevent corruption behind doors within the FISC. It designates five or more amici curiae, or friends of the court, which

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