The Use Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )

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This brief proposes three policy options that show the most promise for reducing depression in college students which are: increased state funding of programs that use cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), expansion of mental health benefits legislation to non-parity states and school-based student health plans, and voluntary regulation of collaborative care models on college campuses through increased state funding linked to mental health outcomes. Policy Option 1- Selective prevention program of CBT The Coping with Stress (CWS) course has been developed as a youth at risk group program using CBT that empowers students to reduce maladaptive negative thinking in small group contexts administered by social workers and psychologists [14]. In an effectiveness study, the CWS participants “reported fewer depressive symptoms” and one-year later only “9.3% of the teens in the CWS program [were diagnosed for] major depression, compared with 28.8% of the teens in the control” [14]. A follow-up test is scheduled to determine the longitudinal effects of CWS programs and CBT approaches to youth depression [14]. CBT shows short-term effectiveness and can increase student academic performance and future employment productivity [6,15]. Estimated impact: This policy is expected to produce up to a 50% reduction in depressive symptoms in adult participants and will reduce the probability of psychosis transition among depressed students to about 10%, compared with 23.8% in regular care
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