The Use Of Genetically Modified Organisms, And Do The Benefits Outweigh The Potential Risks?

860 Words May 10th, 2016 4 Pages
What are the issues related to the use of genetically modified organisms, and do the benefits outweigh the possible risks?

Crop

Genetically modified crops have been developed and harvested since 1996 on a wide scale in the world. Genetically modified crops are generally defined as the biotechnologically designed genes that are chosen and transferred from one organism to another, often unrelated, organism with the purpose to achieve certain results in harvest. According to Carton, Mochini, and Sheldon (2011), “[These] crops can survive under harsh conditions, costs are lowered, and yields are improved” (p. xxi). These crops are now widely grown worldwide. Naturally, corn is rooted in a 6000 year old history of South America (Wilkes, 2004). Genetic modification of corn has become the most tested crop in the United States. Gewin (2003) wrote, “The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications confirms that biotech corn is the second-most common GM crop (after soybean), with 12.4 million hectares planted in 2002. GM corn starch and soybean lecithin are just two of the ingredients already found in 70% of the processed food supply” (para. 5). The wide scale production of GMO corn means that GMO corn is a big business in the dominant economy of the US and its globalized free markets. I think that the issues of using the GMO corn include the economic development of dependency of farmers upon the multinational GMO producing corporations and the long…
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