The Use Of Mdma And Its Effects On The Human Body

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Introduction MDMA is a psychoactive drug that acts as both a stimulant and psychedelic, producing an energizing effect, as well as distortions in time and perception and enhanced enjoyment from tactile experiences according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (2006). MDMA affects the brain by increasing the activity of at least three neurotransmitters; serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. MDMA causes these neurotransmitters to be released from their storage sites in neurons which contributes to the euphoric feeling experienced by MDMA users. In this research paper the chemical composition of MDMA will be determined as well as what are the chemical changes it can have on the human body and how it is synthesized; however, the techniques used in the setup of the instruments being used for the synthesis will not be described in detail. Body MDMA is an acronym for its chemical name 3,4-MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine which is synthesized by brominating safrole to 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-bromopropane and then reacting this adduct with methylamine(n.a, 1993, n.p.). There are many methods of synthesizing MDMA aside from the original synthesis from the German pharmaceutical company Merck which was stated in the previous statement. One method to synthesize MDMA using MDP2P (3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone) as a precursor and isomerize safrole to isosafrole in the presence of a strong base, and then oxidize isosafrole to MDP2P (United Nations, 2014). Another method

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