The Use Of Private Night Watches And Patrols During Medieval England

2269 Words May 2nd, 2016 10 Pages
Core Assessment
Introduction to Security
CJ 233
Yazeed Alothman

Use of Private Night Watches and Patrols in Medieval England
In Medieval England, security was majorly controlled and determined by the feudal barons and the kings. The creation and use of private night watches and patrols was pushed by the need to improve the security system, which was worsened by the breaking down of the social patterns. Acts of consolidation and enclosure displaced many residents and the only solution was to migrate to the cities (Fischer, Halibozek, and Walters 4). Due to hardships created by increased urbanization, poverty and crime rose to higher levels. At that time, there were no public law enforcement structures that could prevent the rising wave of violence and crime. At the same time, there were no agencies that could restrain the causes of the social problem. As a result, private police agencies were developed by individual merchants to guard their warehouses and shops. Night watchmen were hired to make rounds during around shops to make sure that they were not broken into. Many parishes around major cities also hired parochial guards to patrol around church compounds and protect them. Merchants and other rich people hired private night watches and patrols because at that time, there were no laws that ensured the protection of the common good. The Court of Star Chamber, which empowered the English monarchy total authority over matters of the law, had been…

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