In class we discussed about the Laws of Athens. The Laws questions Socrates whether to escape prison or face death. The Laws make him realize that if he disobeys them and escapes he will be destroying the laws. Socrates states that if the Laws were to be disobeyed, they won’t have importance and the state will be destroyed. The state is held by the laws and if they are breakable they would hold no matter. Socrates suggest that they have committed injustice against him by making an incorrect judgment on the trial. The Laws state that he had to follow whatever the state judgements make. The Laws played a big role in shaping Socrates since his parents were married and had provided education for him. The Laws are compared to a relationship between
The city-states of Ancient Greek provide examples of different types of government structures that, even
Monarchies, aristocracies, tyrannies, oligarchies, and democracies existed throughout the human history. What about ancient Greece? Were tyrannies or democracies more prevalent? When and where exactly? Let’s take a look.
With the rise of the second-wave civilizations and empires, 500 B.C.E. to 500 C.E., distinctive political, cultural, social and economical features were highlighted (Strayer 120). These empires included: the Persian Empire, the Roman Empire, the Egyptian Empire, the Chinese Empire, and the Greek Empire. Each sovereign had individual methods in order to forge unity and ensure political authority throughout his or her reign. The systems were comprised of utilizing fear, establishing laws and government, incorporating customs and religious beliefs, the right to rule, etc. Regarding the following of laws, there became a significant distinction between the use of “power” and “authority”. Power denotes the appliance of force or threats of one, such
Greco-Roman mythology is rich in names, characters, and events. Dozens of gods, goddesses, and mortal women and men participate in a variety of activities that reflect or exemplify behaviors and power relations in Greek and Roman societies. A wealth of literature was written about the relationships between mortals and immortals in Greco-Roman mythology. Much was written and said about the place humans occupy in the complex mythical hierarchies. However, the role and place of women remain the topic of the hot literary debate. In Greco-Roman mythology, the image of woman is always
The diversity among cultures is what make them so interesting nowadays. The different ways in which cultures can express their feelings and thoughts is what makes them diverse and unique. Free will is one of the characteristics that can describe cultures and societies during the last years. People that make part of the contemporary era has become individuals of free action selection and where those actions bring consequences that might be expected since the selection was under the free choice of individuals. However, during the Ancient Greece age, there were certain ways of thinking where free will and fate was determined by the god’s will. Therefore, try to change fate by using free will could be an act of offense for the Gods which could
In Greece, monarchies were found when the Mycenaeans ruled Greece during the period 2000 to 1100 BC. Monarchy is defined as a system of government where a single ruler has supreme power. The word “monarchy” comes from the Greek words “monos” meaning “single” and “archo” meaning “rule”. This single ruler, known as a king, ruled for life and passed the rule on to his heir when he died. The most famous monarchy was that of King Alexandra of Macedonia who ruled all of Greece from 336 BC.
When all the tribunals were present, two ballot boxes were placed in the first courtroom, as well as some copper dice in the same color as the court, and the other dice with the name of the presiding officer. Two by the lottery to the judicial council, respectively, to vote two groups of the child. One will be colored into the ballot box, and the other into the name of another executive box. That one officer in the first sign, the other will announce that this person will use the first court assigned to him, the next one assigned to the second court, more than analogy. The purpose of such an approach is to avoid his court being known, and each person can only preside over the court designated by lot.
In the time long before the birth of Christ, during the BC era, the land directly above what is known as Greece, existed an ancient empire known as Macedonia. Today, the regions of the world expanding from Greece, Bulgaria, and Yugoslavia exist today at the Macedonia region. The Macedonia region was considered to be part of the ancient Greece civilization, but the women and men of these two countries could not be more unlike each other. Absolutely no group of individuals in history has ever given so much to the human civilization as the ancient Greeks did. These individuals had the ability to build architectural monuments. Along with introducing four of greatest dramatic actors who ever lived. Ancient Greece receives recognition for introducing one of the greatest statesmen and two of the most well-known historians to capture history itself. Mostly importantly, they provided the ground for some of the greatest scientists, philosophers and artists to thrived and be recognized as great in today’s modern civilization. What we call democracy today, is a form government system rooted from Ancient Greece. Macedonians much like their Greek neighbors shared the same traits in regards to having a ferocious attitude from a life’s perspective in general these individuals were considered to be rough. Unlike Ancient Greece, the Macedonia ancient empire lack and failed to produce great philosophers, artist, or actors whose stage works received recognition. However for the most part,
The Greeks created first democracy in the world. People voted for their leaders, and were involved in public life. Greeks philosopher provided the origin of western philosophy, medicine, and natural sciences. Greek architecture is evident in every court in the U.S. Greeks invented drama. Drama is the form of tragedy and comedy. Minoan culture around (2000 B.C.E. - 1400 B.C.E.) was earliest civilization in the Aegean region emerged on the large island of Crete. By 2800 B.C.E., to make weapons they used metals, especially bronze. Minoan had many trade networks. The peasant paid high taxes. Mycenaean culture around (1600 B.C.E- 1100 B.C.E.) was highly militaristic society. The king collected taxes and controlled bronze and wooden production. The
Classical Greek thinkers have many outlooks on the world and how it became what it is today. As a group the Classical Greek thinkers helped provide us with a basis of modern science as well as the idea of epistemology or the study of knowledge. Their ideas and curiosities allowed for rational or philosophical outlooks on life. However, the Greeks did not abandon the idea of having a mythopoeic outlook
Democracy first appeared in Ancient Greece, in the political hive known as Athens. It soon caught on and was widely used by the whole Greek country. Granted, there were some opposers, such as Plato. Plato thought that everything about the idea of Democracy was just complete HE THOROUGHLY DISLIKED DEMOCRACY BECAUSE IT WAS HIS OWN OPINION. The reasoning behind that thinking? He thought that letting the Citizens decide would be giving the power to the masses and they’d use it for personal matters other than the general good. He also attacked Athenian Democracies for being Libertarian societies where anarchy is mistaken for freedom. Democracy WAS UNUSED AND NOT INCREDIBLY POPULAR until the 1600’s. Even still, in the 1600’s only 10~ societies
Christianity belief is seen more as a theology while Greek thinking or Hellenism is seen more as a philosophy. All theologists are philosophers but not all philosophers are theologists. Greek philosophies had great impact on the early development of Christian thought. Much of the elements in the early Greek philosopher’s theories regarding the soul, creation, and salvation were reflected in the development of early Christian thought. The Greeks were tenacious in asking why and how questions concerning those and things around them, and even about themselves. The main purpose behind theology is to understand and follow God’s divine revelation. Philosophy tends to arrive to general principles through consideration of what is perceived by the sense, which is then rationally evaluated. Theologists like Augustine and Thomas Aquinas both discovered the use of Aristotle in the formation of the Christian mind. Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, believed that all humans had a purpose and that the purpose was for the greater good. However, the good life or the blessed life for Aquinas and Augustine was heaven. For Greek thinkers like Aristotle or even Plato, human actions derived from reason, rationality, and intellect. Christian thinkers like Augustine saw philosophical reflection as a complement to theology. Those philosophical reflections were based off of the underlying intellectual commitment of the Christian Faith.
Laws and regulations are what keep societies in this day in age controlled. Laws help maintain peace so people can live and work together efficiently. Ancient societies had strict laws that they had to adhere to. These strict laws were followed by harsh punishments in many places around the world. Greece, Rome, and Egypt followed legal traditions much like us today. These laws helped maintain the peace, and they helped each Ancient society flourish.
However, the rediscovery of Aristotle and other ancient philosophers had a profound effect on European thought. This caused the Catholic Church to become deeply concerned. Those whose ideas strayed too far from Christianity were accused of heresy. Scholars tried to defend themselves by arguing that there was no contradiction between philosophical reasoning and religious faith. The most influential scholar of the time was an Italian monk who became known as Saint Thomas Aquinas. His writings helped to ease the growing conflict between faith and reason. Aquinas believed that although observation and rational thinking