Essay on The Use of Bioremediation to Clean Up the Environment

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Today Bioremediation has gained unparalleled importance in scientific fields. The term bioremediation very effectively describes its most important characteristic which is the use of living microorganisms for the improvement of the environment and maintaining a homeostasis in the ecosystem. It is used to clean up a vast range of hazardous waste from industries, farms, cities etc. These days the amount of pollutants and the variety of pollutants in the environment are increasing exponentially. This is why more and more efforts are being made in terms of the use of microorganisms for the conservation and protection of the biosphere. It works on the principle that microorganisms can transform the hazardous toxic wastes into less toxic or non …show more content…
Today Bioremediation has gained unparalleled importance in scientific fields. The term bioremediation very effectively describes its most important characteristic which is the use of living microorganisms for the improvement of the environment and maintaining a homeostasis in the ecosystem. It is used to clean up a vast range of hazardous waste from industries, farms, cities etc. These days the amount of pollutants and the variety of pollutants in the environment are increasing exponentially. This is why more and more efforts are being made in terms of the use of microorganisms for the conservation and protection of the biosphere. It works on the principle that microorganisms can transform the hazardous toxic wastes into less toxic or non toxic substances which may not cause any harm to the living and non living surroundings. The microorganisms act against the contaminants only when they have access to a variety of materials—compounds to help them generate energy and nutrients to build more cells.

Advantages of Bioremediation
a. Unlike many other remedial processes which use various chemical as well as/ or physical techniques, bioremediation is a natural phenomenon. It occurs spontaneously wherever the correct microorganisms are found in close vicinity of the hazardous wastes. Also this process generally requires continuous stimulus and it continues dynamically unless all the hazardous substances get depleted.

b. It is an environment friendly phenomenon in all the

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