The Use of Satire in Gulliver's Travels

903 Words 4 Pages
Satire is a literary work that uses humor, hyperbole, and derision to ridicule the human behaviors and customs. Rather than being judgmental, many writers utilize satire to convey their innovative ideas to change certain aspects of society. From the many writers that used satire to condemn the actions of society, Jonathan Swift's, Gulliver's travels, stands as one of the best satirical work in human history. Published in 1726, Gulliver's travels is an adventure of Lemuel Gulliver whose voyage turns into a series of disasters to various strange islands where he lives with humans and animals of various sizes, behaviors, and philosophies. Through the usage of extended metaphor and symbolism, Swift brings to light numerous religious and …show more content…
They are mean, cruel, and morally corrupt. Filled with greed and ingratitude they shoot at Gulliver with their small weapons that seem only to tickle Gulliver. After they notice that his not looking for trouble, they offer him food and grant him citizenship in their land. By making the Lilliputians small, powerful people, Swift satirizes the attitude of the English Government at the time. To effectively satirize the politics of England, Swift uses various political parties to convey his message. In Lilliput, there are two political parties; The Trameckson—who are also known as the high heels, and the Slamecksan, who are also known as low heels. Swift uses the trameckson and the Slamecksan to "satirize two of the two most powerful English Parties." (Bullit) "The Tramecksan Party is mostly conservative and supports the ancient constitution of Lilliput." (Ewald) The emperor of Lilliput, however, favors the slamecksoan and allows only low heels into the administration. “The animosity of these two factions runs so high that they will neither eat, nor drink, nor speak to each other.”(Swift chap. iv) Moreover, by characterizing the Lilliputians as morally corrupt, Swift satirizes the political aspect of the English Society. For example, "Swift's model for Flimnap was Robert Walpole, the leader of the Whigs and England's first prime minister in the modern sense." (Soens) By making Flimnap, the most skillfully rope dancer, Swift demonstrates how
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