The Uses Of The Software Tor ( The Onion Router ) Essay

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As the internet has risen in popularity over the past several decades, there have also been tremendous strides in software innovation. One of the more interesting and questionable of these innovations is the software TOR (The Onion Router), which opens the door for anonymous communication across the internet. Another one of these technologies is cryptocurrencies. These are virtual currencies contain monetary value, while at the same time allowing their users to obfuscate their identities when transferring it. Combining these two technologies has equated to the rises of online marketplaces containing illegal weapons, substances, and content. These online marketplaces are often referred to as “cryptomarkets”. One of the more notable of these online marketplaces is known as The Silk Road. When it was shut down in 2013 by the FBI, it had been open for two and a half years and generated over a billion dollars in sales for vendors. Since then, it is estimated that the popularity of these marketplaces has increased (Barrat 2016). Cryptomarkets link buyers and vendors in the same way that sites like eBay and Amazon do. The differences between those websites and cryptomarkets are the technologies used to employ them. Usage of anonymizing software and cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin makes it very difficult to track down where all parties and equipment involved are located. For the sake of this paper, we will assume that a large quantity of illegal substances were compromised after
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