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The Valence Theory Of Adaptation In The UK

Decent Essays
On 18 September 2014, voters in Scotland rejected proposals for Scotland to become an independent country outside of the United Kingdom (UK) in a referendum on Scottish independence. (BBC, 2014) The referendum was won by the “No” campaign on a margin of 55.3% No 44.7% Yes on a record high turnout of 84.59%. (BBC, 2014 / UK Political Info, 2017 / Jeavens, 2014) Substantial electoral gains for the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) and the more pro-UK Conservative Party in Scotland since the result of the 2014 independence referendum has challenged the long established dominance of the UK Labour Party in Scotland, (Hassan, 2017: 375) which has in turn begged the question which this essay will explore on whether the 2014…show more content…
(Lundberg, 2016: 238) The 2014 independence referendum had unprecedented levels of political engagement, (Mann and Fenton, 2017: 156) and a very high voter turnout of 84.6%, the highest turnout in a UK election since the 1910 general election, which was held before the expansion of the franchise in 1918, when less men and no women had the right to vote. (Jeavens, 2014)

Throughout the referendum campaign, there was a shift in support towards Scottish independence, (Mann and Fenton, 2017: 156 / Curtice, 2016: 2) with “Yes” initially polling on 32-38% of the vote at the start of 2012; (BBC, 2012) starting the campaign polling at under 40% of the vote and finishing the campaign on 45% of the vote. (What Scotland Thinks, 2014) This shift in support towards independence was particularly prominent among those living in deprived areas (Mann and Fenton, 2017: 156, 161-162 / Curtice, 2014b) and among Labour voters, (Mann and Fenton, 2017: 157, 160) with around 40% of Labour voters from the 2010 general election in Scotland voting in favour of Scottish independence despite Labour’s constitutional position against independence during the campaign. (Curtice, 2014a) This shift towards independence among Labour voters and those living in deprived areas can be noted as having had a significant impact on the electoral prospects of the SNP around the Central Belt of Scotland between Glasgow and
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