The Validity Of A Scientific Theory

1396 Words6 Pages
The world is a complicated place that works in mysterious ways, but people, with their inquisitive minds, refuse to let even the most confounding puzzles go unsolved. Science provides explanations for aspect of the world with no tangible evidence. But more often than not, science gets it wrong. One way to test the validity of a scientific theory is the use of the Hypothetico-Deductive Method. The results of such a method provide evidence of confirmation or disconfirmation, though these results cannot always be trusted. The world is complicated, thus it requires an equally complicated instrument of discovery. With such complexity, philosophical problems in reasoning are bound to arise, but there is always a solution to such issues. The Hypothetico-Deductive Method, called H-D from here on out, is a way of reasoning about theoretical (dis)conformation where a person deduces an observational prediction from a hypothesis. Said hypothesis is then tested to determine whether or not the theory is confirmed. The basic H-D model states HO, if the hypothesis is true, then the prediction will be observed. This basic model consists of basic confirming and basic disconfirming instances of experiments, which state, respectively, O/H, the prediction is true and observed, therefore the hypothesis is confirmed, and ~O/~H, the prediction is not true and not observed, therefore the hypothesis is disconfirmed. For the swan theory, an experiment would be set up in which the experimenter
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