The Victim Of The Criminal Justice System

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First before I start, it is important to know who is defined as a victim of crime. A victim of crime is a person who is harmed due to a criminal offence, like suffering physical or emotional harm, property damage, or economic loss as a result of a crime (Branch, L. S., 2017). Also can be a spouse, conjugal partner, relative of, or a person responsible for a victim who has passed away or is not capable to act or ‘preform’ for themselves for example a victim of child. As well as the person who harmed someone has not been prosecuted or convicted, but they have made a complaint to the police or Crown attorney (Antonacci, 2013). Due to the there are many reason that can have major effect on the victim like emotional, physical financial,…show more content…
But overall, research shows that victims that have given a victim impact statement as well as judges that have received these statements are more satisfied with the sentencing process (Antonacci, 2013).
The government of Canada collects data of victimization of Canadians through a survey called General Social Survey (GSS). Every five years people in society are asked to tell them about their personal victimization experience that they have experienced which can include any offences like sexual or physical assault, robbery, break and enter, motor vehicle theft, theft of household property, vandalism, theft of personal property (Antonacci, 2013).General Social Survey state allot about victimization that is actually reported, It because it is predicted that one out of three victims actually report their victimization incidents to the police, but yet the reports that are made allows people to see major risk factor that influence victimization.
Aboriginal society are over-represented as victims as well as offenders. In 2009 GSS demonstrated that Aboriginal individuals are two times more prone to be a victim of violent crime than non-Aboriginal people. The homicide rate of Aboriginal people is 8.8 per 100,000; the rate for non-Aboriginal persons is 1.3 for every 100,000. As well as in 2004 the GSS indicated that different sexual orientated people, like gays, lesbians and bisexuals encounter more elevated amounts of violent victimization in Canada.
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