The Victims Of Trafficking And Violence Protection Act

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Today, many people say that slavery has ended many years ago, however, there is a hidden population that were being exploited in exchanged for financial and economic gains of others. The victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act(TVPA) of 2000 defines human trafficking as “the recruitment, harboring, transporting, provision or obtaining of person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.” (Hachey and Phillippi, 2017, page 31) Sexual trafficking and labor trafficking are two types of human trafficking. With sexual trafficking, an individual is utilized for commercial sex acts; with labor trafficking, an individual is utilized for…show more content…
Importantly, extreme poverty is notably the highest “push” factor that increases susceptibility to human trafficking (Stevens and Berishaj, 2016, page 51) It has been estimated that up to 30% of all human trafficking victims will have contact with healthcare provider during the period of time that they’re being victimized. (Perkins, 2015, page 37) The healthcare facilities that may be accessed by the victims here in US may be the following; hospitals particularly the emergency department, urgent care clinics, community health centers, gynecologist or obstetrician offices, family planning centers like Planned Parenthood, and private doctor’s offices. The most common health care setting reported by 63% of trafficked respondents was the ED. (Hachey and Phillippi, 2017, page 36) The healthcare workers especially the nurses are the first ones to come in contact with victims through admission and assessment, therefore, they play a very essential role in identifying possible human trafficking victim. The emergency department(ED) has been identified as the most frequented setting where trafficked victims seek medical care. As a result, it is critical that the healthcare providers are able to identify and appropriately manage the care of the patient who has been trafficked to achieve optimal health and legal outcomes. (Stevens and Berishaj, 2017 page 49) If a nurse believes or feels that
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