The Victorian Er The Beginnings Of A Modern World

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Katherine Noonan Ms Rodden 3rd Period English April 11, 2017 The Victorian Era: The Beginnings of a Modern World In 1837, eighteen-year-old Victoria became Queen of England. She ushered in a new era of prosperity and progress. During Victoria’s reign, Great Britain was the most powerful nation in the world. “By 1882 Britain was in the later stages of acquiring the largest empire the world has ever seen” (Evans). During this time, Britain also emerged as the most powerful trading nation in the world. This sparked a social and economic revolution whose effects are still felt today (Atterbury). By the time Victoria died in 1901, the British Empire extended over around one-fifth of the Earth’s surface, and almost one…show more content…
More than 2,440 miles of railway line were open by 1845. The railways were so popular in part because they offered new opportunities for trade and travel, as well as breaking down social barriers. Aristocrats and working class alike used the railroads (Atterbury). The railroads also made communication between cities much easier. “By 1848, around 5,000 miles of line were working in the United Kingdom” (Wilson 72). Queen Victoria herself was a regular user of the rail network for its speed and convenience. By 1900, about 18,680 miles on line were in use. Over 1,100 million passengers, along with huge amounts of freight, were being carried (Atterbury). Another vital development of the Victorian Era was the telegraph. The electric telegraph was invented in 1837. A telegraph is a machine that used an electric current to move magnetic needles, transmitting a message through code. The code commonly used for telegraphs was Morse Code, invented by Samuel Morse in 1886. The spread of telegraphs was closely linked to the spread of railroads. Telegraphs were used to carry messages and to control signaling on the railroads. From there, the telegraph rapidly spread, making mass communication on both a national and global scale possible. “A telegraph cable was laid across the Channel in 1851, followed by others across the Irish and North Seas” (Atterbury). The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. This proved far more popular and
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