The Vital Stage of Every Student: Erik Erikson´s Stages of Development

815 Words Jun 16th, 2018 4 Pages
Children begin elementary school around the age of five years old. Erik Erikson has developed a theory broken down into several different stages representing different stages of a persons life, and one of his stages is directly associated with the age of children who enter the school scene for the first time. This stage is commonly referred to as Industry Vs. Inferiority. Research has proven that this stage in children’s lives is a critical stage that will determine how they look at themselves and others for many years to come.
Erikson’s fourth stage of personality development, Industry Vs. Inferiority, can be defined as the stage in which a child determines their self worth and skills. As the stage refers to “industry,” this is the
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A moving quote by Einstein states, “Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid,” (A Quote by Albert Einstein). This level of Erikson’s theory is molded around this concept. Students have the ability to succeed, but depending on their encounters in school, their potential may never be revealed.
Another example of how a classroom can strengthen or inhibit a students self worth is through their interests. This also applies to student’s relationships with their peers, but as Jones, Burks, and Jones (1936) state, there is value in students who share the same interests. They observed that students who enjoyed the same things seems to communicate more frequently to each other, and this increased there self worth (Jones et al., 1936).
Finally, research from Jones, Burks, and Jones (1936) observed that students who had similar personalities spent more time together during recess and other free times during the school day. Based on their observations, the students wanted to spend time together because they felt wanted and enjoyed each other’s company (Jones et al., 1936). This relates back to the students self worth and their potential to be successful students in the future. Erikson identifies this stage of development into two extreme levels. The
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