Why(2) : Many of the users used weak passwords which can be easily guessed by the hackers. Weak security measures was also an important reason which inlcudes weak encryption of the passwords by using outdated techniques for encryption. Updated security tools and strong password encryption might have helped to prevent this attack.
The purpose of this paper is to touch on the issue of Hacking. It will go into detail about the history, evolution, future and prevention of Hacking. In addition, this paper will discuss different types of hackers and their motivation behind hacking. This paper examines the major impact caused by malicious hackers and give modern examples of such attacks. To conclude, it will predict how hacking will be in the near future and give the precautionary measures Information Security professionals can take to mitigate the risk of being victimized.
One of the other failures that the book presents us is the user’s weak password practice and how the intruder took advantage of this is to gain super user privileges and created several user accounts by gaining root privileges. All it takes is a one-time access as super user to establish his base into the defenders zone. This book describes how the intruder took advantage of brute force method to hack user accounts and password. Also, the intruder was smart enough to steal the password information file and even managed to encrypt all the dictionary words by using the same encryption algorithm and then compared those words with the stolen encrypted passwords file to find out passwords of user accounts. The scientists/ researchers at the laboratories who are not aware of such kind of exploitations made intruder’s work easy by having easy to guess passwords, never bothered to change the passwords from time to time or in fact did not realize the importance of having strong passwords in order to maintain and protect their research data in a safe and secure way. Even today, not all the users realize the importance of having strong/secure passwords and we come across such instances where intruders exploit users ignorance. (For example, Two years ago, before I enrolled in MS-CS program, I did not know how brute force attacks work or
Pass-the-Hash – to steal and reuse password hash values, which can be used directly as an authenticator to access services on behalf of the user through single sign-on (SSO) authentication
* If passwords are written down, they must be kept in a safe place, e.g. a wallet, or a safe. Passwords are not be be written down and tape to the bottom of the keyboard, stuck to the computer monitor with a sticky note, or put in an unlocked desk drawer.
The most effective way to protect your personal information on the internet is to have a strong password. A strong password should consist of a mixture of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters. Ideally you want a unique password made up of at least ten characters for every website you have an account on.
Linton (2011, p.44) stated that hacking of network of common users and attacking their personal computers is one of the most threatening problems at present. It is happening in every second that results in a loss in several ways like loss of credentials, personal information etcetera. Although the use of personal computers and the internet has been increased rapidly, numbers of users who are the expert and have good knowledge to tackle the matters are very rare. In addition, time, as well as required equipment to protect hacking, is also very.
2. Second, I will show you all how a hacker gets into a victim’s computer.
Security is the most significant factor in authentication scheme. Our participants were enquired about how they often change their passwords and whether they have different passwords for different accounts, their answers were that they do not do that often; therefore, this would increase possibility of attacks. Here we briefly introduce some of the possible attacks which could break the Picture Pass Doodle system.