The War Of The Holy Roman Empire

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The Thirty Years War initiated when Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Bohemia tried to restrain the religious activities of his subjects, triggering a rebellion among Protestants. The war included the major powers of Europe, with Sweden, France, Spain, and Austria all conducting campaigns mainly on German soil. The war was partially known for the slaughters committed by mercenary soldiers, the war ended with a series of contracts that made up the Peace of Westphalia. The outcome restructured the religious and political map of central Europe, setting the stage for the old national Roman Catholic empire to yield to a community of self-governing states. For the occurrence of the war, the developing catastrophe of the Holy Roman Empire was of vital significance. The crisis had a legitimate and governmental as well as a religious component. The emperor 's privileges had never been evidently described. A ruler who knew how to misuse his significant informal powers of benefaction could possess a major deal of authority, but a corruptible monarch could effortlessly be diminished to a simple figurehead. This was definitively Rudolf II 's fate throughout the final decade of his reign. The aging emperor, who was rationally unstable, was doubted by both Catholics and Protestants. Besides, he had managed to alienate his own family. The power void produced by the failure of his authority allowed determined princes such as Maximilian I, the duke of Bavaria, or Frederick V, the elector of
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