The War Of The Nineteenth Century

1553 WordsFeb 25, 20167 Pages
Tsar Alexander II was assassinated during the midst of a reformation movement in Russia toward the end of the nineteenth century. At this time, the Russian lower class blamed Jews for their poor living conditions. When Tsar Alexander III came into power he was paranoid of being a target of an assassination. So he created a secret police to suppress civil and revolutionary outbreaks, and also introduced anti-Semitic legislations to satisfy the enraged lower class. Government officials managed to use Jews as scapegoats, often saying that Jews exploited the population, especially the impoverished classes. This anti-Semitic movement led to unity in the lower class, and from this unity, anti-Semitic nationalism increased in late nineteenth century Russia. During the end of the eighteenth century, there were approximately two million Jews scattered throughout Europe. But, by 1914, the number of Jews in Europe had grown to over nine million. In the nineteenth century, Jewish communities could be found in England, France, the Netherlands, Italy, and other Western European countries, but the central Jewish population was located in the Russian Empire with about five million Jews. This large Jewish-Russian population was caused by a large numbers of Jews emigrating from countries, like England, France, or Spain, which had created an expulsion of Jews during medieval conflicts. These Jews migrated eastward and began to inhabit Eastern Europe. Initially, Jews were welcome in Russian
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